The situation in the Middle East changed dramatically when Syria signed a defense pact with Egypt in November 1966. Events come thick and fast: In April 1967 there are numerous aerial battles between Syrian and Israeli associations. On May 18, Egypt called on the UN to withdraw its troops from Sinai and the Gaza Strip. The soldiers have been stationed there as a buffer since the Suez War.
A few days later, Egypt again blocked shipping routes for Israel and concentrated its troops on the Sinai Peninsula. On May 30, Jordan’s King Hussein signed a military and assistance pact with Egypt. Iraq will follow in June. Jordanian, Syrian and Iraqi soldiers are being mobilized and placed on the border with Israel.
Israel’s army is prepared. Before the Arab armies can attack, the Israeli air force takes off on the morning of June 5 for a pre-emptive strike and within three hours destroyed almost the entire Egyptian air force on the ground. On the same day, the Syrian and Jordanian air forces are destroyed.
In just six days, the troops of the Israeli army conquer the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula, the Syrian Golan Heights, and East Jerusalem and West Bank annexed by Jordan in the 1948/49 war. Israel is now the size of Palestine.
At an Arab summit, the course of action against Israel and a common policy to end the wars will be the topic. Of the 13 conference members, five heads of government are absent from the conference, so the meeting ends in principle with no results.
The United Nations is dealing with the Middle East conflict. The delegates feel under pressure because it is unclear whether the UN troops left the area too hastily. Israel defends itself against the accusation of aggression. One only opposed Arab annihilation interests.
The UN-monitored ceasefire is often interrupted by the activities of the Fatah movement. Many of the Sodaten who fled are wandering through the desert and are only saved from dying of thirst when they are arrested. The exchange of prisoners is organized by the Red Cross. The stream of refugees is shaking up the global public. The criticism of Israel is growing.
The dispute over Jerusalem and especially over the Temple Mount continues, since the area is sacred to all religions.